The controversial topic of pirated content has generated many heated debates across many industries around the globe. Movies, games, and audio files are just some of the content in such strong demand that individuals and groups have taken to producing content illegally in order to tap into the demands of consumer to make money. Now, I am sure that at some point or another virtually every person is guilty of illegal file sharing but the ramifications of a seemingly innocent act are more serious than people realise.
Mp3s and p2ps are examples of disruptive technology, which help to create new markets by applying a new value network that eventually overtakes an existing market. The Mp3 form epitomizes a disruptive technology as it is perfectly designed for “illegal file sharing”, meaning it was specifically devised for “quick and easy transfers, anonymous relations between provider and receiver, cross-platform compatibility, stockpiling and easy storage and access.” (Johnathan 2006)
P2p stands for peer-to-peer and refers to a computer network in which all computers act as both clients and servers. “P2p technology then is simply giving new power to this deﬁning feature of human existence, which was only somewhat subdued in the analog media environment” (Stalder 2008).
Napster is the ground zero for mass file sharing with (as of Feb. 2001) over 26 million users, sharing over a billion files. These figures are astronomical but over a decade old. It is difficult, if not impossible, to single handedly predict where the figures would stand now with an increasing number of individuals and communities around the globe turning to technology for communication and information. Other file sharing apps include Bearshare, which closed in 06, DC++, Soulseek, and torrenting e.g. uTorrent.
The pyramid of Internet privacy is a fundamental aspect of file sharing especially illegal file sharing. At the top sits suppliers who illegally record films that are then sold to ‘replicators’ who rapidly produce millions of copies. These copies are then distributed by release groups/top sites that consist are individuals who obtain pirated content from suppliers and are the first source of piracy on the Internet. Facilitators including internet directories or search engines then coordinate the exchange of pirated content between downloaders/file sharers who use p2p software that allows fast and easy sharing between computers.
The gradual progression of musical history reflects the shift in the socio-moral values of society.
Gospel -> funk -> hip-hop -> rave -> jungle -> d‘n’d -> breakcore
Composers have incorporated breakbeats, the Amen, subgenres and even the audience in order to highlight that “the sharing of culture is constitutive of culture itself and corresponds with a deep human need to communicate.” (Stalder 2008)